The dragon breeds listed in the following sections are listed in increasing order of their weight; larger breeds appearing after the smaller breeds, unless marked with an asterisk, which indicates the size is unknown, and the placement guessed from existing information. Also note, this is only a list of where the dragon breed originated, not a complete list of where it can be found.

A more detailed list of Dragon Breeds by Weight can be found on Dragon Weight Classification. Another page, Dragon Breed Physical Characteristics, lists the known descriptions of every Dragon Breed in the Temeraire series.

Breeds Native to Europe

  1. Mauerfuchs - Lightweight/Courier, Native to Prussia (Germany)
  2. Berghexe - Middleweight, Native to Prussia (Germany)
  3. Ironwing - Native to Russia
  4. Lindorm - Native to the Scandanavian Peninsula
  5. Flecha-del-Fuego - Lightweight, Native to Spain
  6. Cauchador Real - Heavyweight, Native to Spain

Breeds Native to Britain

  1. Winchester - Lightweight/Courier
  2. Greyling - Lightweight/Courier
  3. Grey Widowmaker - Lightweight/Feral
  4. *Sharpspitter - Lightweight (Not used for combat)
  5. *Xenica - Presumably Lightweight
  6. Grey Copper - Lightweight
  7. *Malachite Reaper - Middleweight
  8. Yellow Reaper - Middleweight
  9. Anglewing - Middleweight
  10. *Bright Copper - Presumably Middleweight
  11. Longwing - Heavyweight
  12. Parnassian - Large Midweight[1]
  13. Chequered Nettle - Heavyweight
  14. Regal Copper - Heavyweight

Standard European Breeds are brightly colored, have ridges along their backs, and have less talons and joints in their wings than a Celestial [2]

Breeds Native to France

  1. Plein-Vite - Lightweight/Courier
  2. *Chasseur-Vocifere - Lightweight/Courier
  3. Pou-de-Ciel - Lightweight
  4. *Roi-de-Vitesse - Lightweight
  5. *Garde-de-Lyon - Lightweight
  6. *Pascal's Blue - Lightweight
  7. *Pecheur-Couronne - Middleweight
  8. *Pecheur-Raye - Middleweight
  9. *Flamme-de-Gloire - Middleweight
  10. *Papillon Noir - Middleweight
  11. *Honneur-d'Or - Presumably Middleweight
  12. *Fleur-de-Nuit - Presumably Heavyweight
  13. *Defendeur-Brave - Heavyweight
  14. *Chanson-de-Guerre - Heavyweight
  15. *Petit Chevalier - Heavyweight
  16. Grand Chevalier - Heavyweight

Breeds Native to Asia

  1. Alaman - Lightweight, Native to Turkey
  2. Akhal-Teke - Middleweight, Native to Turkey
  3. Kazilik - Heavyweight, Native to Turkey

Breeds Native to China

by Saeros2006 on DeviantArt

  1. Yu-Lung/Jade - Lightweight/Courier
  2. Unnamed Chinese Breed - Lightweight
  3. Li-Lung - Presumably Lightweight
  4. Zhao-Lung/Emerald Glass - Middleweight
  5. Shao-Lung/Scarlet Flower - Middleweight
  6. Shen-Lung - Possibly Spirit or Spiritual? - Weight varies but not above Middleweight
  7. Qin-Lung/Imperial - Heavyweight
  8. Tien-Lung/Celestial - Heavyweight

Breeds Native to India

  1. Bengal - Middleweight
  2. Nilgiri Cutter - Not specified

Breeds Native to Japan

  1. Ka-Riu - Possibly Lightweight, see page.
  2. Sui-Riu - Heavyweight

Breeds Native to Africa

There are many different breeds of Dragons in Africa, but they are not named.

Breeds Native to America

  1. Dakota - Specifically North America
  2. Naskapi - North of Halifax

Breeds Native to the Incan Empire

by dragonofdivinewind

At least 26 different breeds of dragon are known to exist; based on the observations of John Granby. Aside from the Copacati, none of the names of these breeds are known.

“...That makes twenty-six distinct breeds,” he added, “and I have seen another half-a-dozen new beasts come and go, also.”

–Grandby to Laurence, [3]

Several of the Incan dragons encountered in Crucible of Gold have last names; while one of these is Copacati - perhaps suggesting the Incan dragons have their breed as a part of their name, like in China - it is not clear whether this is an actual breed or an ayullu name - or if there are no breed names, and instead Incan dragons are grouped by family.

“Copacati?” Granby said. “The venom-spitters?”

–narrative, [4]

  1. Copacati - Heavyweigh, venom-spitter
  2. Uturuncu - Heavyweight
  3. Yupanqui - Heavyweight

(See Inca Breeds for unnamed breeds that are described in the series.)

Breeds Native to Mexico

Noted to be very small, maybe one generation removed from a feral and about the size of a greyling.

They left off their practice and swarmed around him clamoring in excited voices, which carried even up to the window: in their relative proportions not far short of sparrows circling some great beast, a lion or a bear, to which they could pose no threat.

–Temeraire and the Mexican dragons, [5]

Illustrated Dragon Breeds

(Click on any of the images to enlarge them)

All currently known dragons illustrated according to size. The Regal Copper (No. 35) is approximately 120 feet long. All others are shown relative to the Regal Copper. Since many breeds have not been fully described many of the illustrations should not be considered canon. (Numbers correlate to the first illustration only)

  1. Dakota
  2. Greyling
  3. Grey Widowmaker
  4. Winchester
  5. Ironwing
  6. Sharpspitter
  7. Longwing
  8. Honneur-d'Or
  9. Xenica
  10. Petit Chevalier
  11. Pecheur-Raye
  12. Pecheur-Couronne
  13. Pascal's Blue
  14. Chequered Nettle
  15. Chanson-de-Guerre
  16. Parnassian
  17. Akhal-Teke
  18. Scarlet Flower
  19. Copacati
  20. Mauerfuchs
  21. Berghexe
  22. Grand Chevalier
  23. Flamme-de-Gloire
  24. Papillon Noir
  25. Chasseur-Vocifere
  26. Pou-de-Ciel
  27. Kazilik
  28. Flecha-del-Fuego
  29. Lindorm
  30. Shen-Lung
  31. Alaman
  32. Celestial
  33. Jade
  34. Sui-Riu
  35. Regal Copper
  36. Cauchador Real
  37. Fleur-de-Nuit
  38. Emerald Glass
  39. Anglewing
  40. Imperial
  41. Ka-Riu
  42. Bright Copper
  43. Malachite Reaper
  44. Yellow Reaper
  45. Grey Copper
  46. Plein-Vite
  47. Defendeur-Brave
  48. Roi-de-Vitesse
  49. Garde-de-Lyon


  1. Novik, Naomi. His Majesty's Dragon: A Novel of Temeraire (pp. 179-180). Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
  2. His Majesty's Dragon, page 113
  3. Novik, Naomi. Crucible of Gold: A Novel of Temeraire (pp. 227-228). Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
  4. Novik, Naomi. Crucible of Gold: A Novel of Temeraire (p. 162). Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
  5. Novik, Naomi. Crucible of Gold: A Novel of Temeraire (pp. 294-295). Random House Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
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